Friday, October 30, 2015


by Ashwini Gupte 



MUMBAI, OCT 30, 2015: The Indian Army is an institution with over a hundred thousand military personnel on active duty. It's an institution that protects the common man and helps keep us safe.


The staff and students of Don Bosco High School, Matunga joined forces to collect funds for the welfare of this very institution.


The Government recognised Don Bosco High School's contribution to the Flag Day Fund on October 28 at a ceremony held at St. Xavier's College.


The school raised Rs 5.1 lakh for the fund, which is the highest amount raised by a city school.


The Defence Minister's Committee set up the fund in 1949. Today, it is managed throughout the country by the by local arms of the Kendriya Sainik Board (KSB), which is part of the Ministry of Defence.


The money is used for welfare of the war bereaved, war disabled and other ex-servicemen and serving personnel.


The collection is organised both by official and non-official means through voluntary organisations.


BB Chavan, deputy director of education, Mumbai region, thanked the South Mumbai schools for collecting an amount of Rs. 1.3 crore in total.


Christina Mascarenhas, supervisor of standard seven and eight, collected the award on behalf of Don Bosco School, Matunga.

Thursday, October 29, 2015


by BIS Correspondent

JABHUA, OCT 29, 2015: The Youth Director of the Jhabua Diocese, Father Sonu Vasuniya and the Animators organised the Youth Convention for the diocese from October 21 – 24 at the Dungripada parish. 

The Youth Convention- attended by almost 500 youth from different parishes-  began with a prayer service. It was themed on 'Love, Mercy and Peace.' 

Speakers were invited to address the youth on issues pertaining the present, past and the future. 

Jason Thomson from Indore spoke about the enthusiasm of the youth. He focused on three things: enthusiasm, communication and respect. 

Father Rocky Shaha, public relations officer of the diocese spoke about the use and misuse of media. He helped the youth understand how to use media wisely for the Church's good. 

Father Pratap Bariya spoke about the Bhili culture. He invited the youth to preserve the Bhili culture.

Apart from the talks, there were also spiritual exercises like the celebration of the Holy Mass, Confessions, night prayer, Rosary and procession of Mother Mary. 

Father Vasuniya and the youth were specially grateful to Father Pratap Damor, Father Glen Fernandes and Father Michael Bansode who were always present at the Confessional. 

The charismatic prayers moved the youth deeply, with many testifying to be with Christ and to be loving, merciful and peaceful.

The Youth Convention concluded with the celebration of the Holy Eucharist by the newly elected Bishop of the Jhabua diocese, Bishop Basil Bhuriya. 

In his sermon, he exhorted the youth to use the media wisely in their daily lives. Addressing the youth in their lingo, he suggested they use their mobile phones for good works and not for  'time- pass'. 

The youth thanked Father Vasuniya and the animators for making it  a memorable experience for them. 


By Fr George Dabreo and Fr Bento D'souza

MUMBAI, OCT 28, 2015: The religious and laity of Don Bosco Parish, Borivli joined forces to ensure the mission-centric weekend, celebrated on October 24 and 25, had a lasting impact on the lives of parishioners.
Father George Dabreo, the main preacher, focused his homilies on the mission of baptised people in society today. He reflected the theme in context of the Mission in Marathwada.

During his homilies, he made an appeal to the hearts of his listeners to pay heed to the mandate of Jesus to his apostles to go, reach out and empower all people of goodwill irrespective of caste, creed or religion, called to the Kingdom of God by Jesus of Nazareth.

The collections, from the mission, will go towards the building and growth of the Marathwada Mission in Bosco Gramin Vikas Kendra (BKVG) Waluj, Aurangabad.  

Rector Major  of the Salesians, Father Angel Fernandez Artime encouraged this pastors world-wide to give their best to the poorest of the poor.  

The youth of Borivli used their creativity to highlight the range of services that BGVK- Waluj provides to the disadvantaged.  

A presentation  was made on programmes such as farmer-support, women's  development, tailoring and beautician training, income generation schemes, human rights protection for families,  medical assistance,  children's activities, cultural and entertainment events and seed distribution to farmers.

A mission fete, organised by the youth, brought colour, fun and helped people reach out to the Missions. 


by Bento D'Souza 

AURANGABAD, OCT 28, 2015: The green initiatives of the Salesians in Bosco Gramin Vikas Kendra (BGVK)  Waluj, Aurangabad are flourishing.
The method of drip irrigation- to combat the problem of water scarcity- has enabled the cultivation of drum sticks and papayas, to a height of five feet. 

They have succeeded in creating this model, for other farmers to emulate.

Horticulture is another successful practise, where papayas, drumsticks and intercrops like methi, palak, coriander and chillies are being cultivated on the BGVK- Waluj campus; using the drip irrigation method. 

Goatry and poultry farming is also is being undertaken at the back compound, as a demonstration  for farmers, in a hope that they will follow suit.

With these initiatives, the Salesians at BGVK-  Waluj are hoping to build a 'Green Economy.' 

Tuesday, October 27, 2015


by BIS Correspondent

NAVI MUMBAI, OCT 26, 2015: The Eco- club of Don Bosco Senior Secondary School, Nerul was felicitated by the students of St.Xavier's College, Mumbai on October 23, in a ceremony at their school campus. 

The students of the Eco-club were lauded for their contribution in creating awareness on "Saving Mangroves."

The club conducted a  signature campaign to spread knowledge about the destruction of mangroves, for the construction of the Coastal Road.

In recognition for their efforts, 15 students were gifted T-shirts and 35 received badges. 

Students of St.Xavier's College were generous in praising the young environment- conscious students from classes four to nine.

The session concluded with the Eco - club members assuring their  continual support towards environment- friendly campaigns.

Thursday, October 22, 2015


by BIS Correspondent

NAVI MUMBAI, OCT 22, 2015: Don Bosco Senior Secondary School, organised a seminar on 'Water Shed Harvesting' from October 13-15, for students of classes six to ten. 

The seminar was conducted by Brother Alex Gonsalves sdb. He introduced the topic of 'Water Management' by showing a documentary titled 'Dongargan – A Story of Survival,' a true story about a village in Ahmedabad in Central Maharashtra. 

Five years ago, it was just an arid patch of land, of no use to its inhabitants. Brother Gonsalves along with his team changed that through afforestation and by building contour bunds, nala bunds, farm bunds; with the  optimum utilisation of minimal resources. 

Dongargan now is a village with lush green fields and abundant livestock. The inhabitants especially women have become aware of their rights.

At the end of the seminar, students learnt the value of even a drop of water. 


by Dr Susan Mathew

GOA, OCT 22, 2015: A two- day teacher training programme was organised by the Don Bosco Research Centre, Mumbai in co-ordination with the Konkan Development  Services (Odxel) and the Carreno Counselling Centre (DBO)  Goa, on October 14, to deal with the problem of substance abuse in schools in Goa.

The programme was held at the Don Bosco School premises, Panjim.  Frather Ralin De Souza of Don Bosco Panjim and Father Paul D' Souza, Vice Provincial welcomed the gathering of 70 teachers from various schools across the city. 

The Rector, Father Savio Gomes delivered the keynote address. Dr Sunita Shanbhag, retired professor, department of Community Medicine, Seth G.S. Medical College and KEM Hospital, Mumbai was the chief resource person for programme. 

Her sessions covered definition, types, long- term effects of substances on body, signs and symptoms, and the role of teachers in identification and prevention among school children. 

Four important areas that could damage a child using drugs were judgment, decision- making, learning memory and behavioural control. 

Dr Shanbhag emphasised that teachers were mentors particularly of vulnerable children, hence it was important that teachers empower the children to say `no' to drugs. 

She added that overall risk was influenced by factors like genes, gender, ethnicity, but strong protective factors such as a caring family, understanding teachers, effective communication, non- drug using peer groups, strong neighbourhood attachments could reduce the risk of addiction.

Post- lunch there were interactive sessions on de- addiction programmes in Goa that stressed upon the importance of family, community support and realisation among every one that drug abuse was not `his' or `her' problem but `our' problem. 

Sessions also included quiz and case analysis, to enable teachers to get a clear understanding on substance abuse and the role of teachers.

A pre and post-workshop evaluation helped gauge the impact of the programme on the teachers. Finally all wee awarded with Participation Certificates. 

Wednesday, October 21, 2015


by BIS Correspondent

MUMBAI, OCT 20, 2015:  An all-faith Memorial service for late Bernadette D'Souza, Erwin D'Souza, Taha Shaikh, Sharjeel Sheikh, Aakash Thappar, Brian Fernandes and Sajid Chowdhari, victims of a tragedy that claimed their lives, was held on October 20 at the Don Bosco campus, Kurla.

The family, friends and teachers of the five engineering students and two BMM students - who perished when a fire broke out at Kurla's Kinara hotel - prayed together for their eternal repose. 

Readings from the Bhagavad Gita, the Holy Bible and the Quran, as well as words of comfort from Father Colbert da Silva, the Rector of DBCL Kurla, Dr Prasanna Nambiar the DBIT Principal and Father Joe Braganza, the Executive Director of the BMM department, helped those present to pray for the departed students and take courage from their faith to look beyond their grief to eternal life. 

Tributes through music and songs, by the students, helped the assembly to recall fondly their dearly-departed friends.

It was a solemn moment for the gathering. It brought together the families of the departed students and the academic community of Don Bosco Centre for Learning in solidarity, faith and hope. 

It was also a moment of strengthening their resolve to stand up against the callous neglect of those responsible for illegal, hazardous and potentially fatal structures that exist in the city of Mumbai.


by BIS Correspondent

NAVI MUMBAI, OCT 20, 2015: Three students from Don Bosco Senior Secondary School, Nerul bagged prizes at the District Level skating competition organised by DSO at Euro School on September 11.

Schaleen Fernandes from standard four won top honours in both the short and long Ring Race. She finished second in the road race.

Shivam Bhosle from standard five came first in the road race and ring race. Rajveer Sharad from standard three finished third in the road race.


by Amira Peter

KUWAIT, OCT 20, 2015: St Therese Parish in Kuwait held their parish fete, after eight months of meticulous planning on October 16. 

The Parish Council along with 348 volunteers have been working hard- behind the scenes- to put together, their second Parish Fete.

Father Mathews, the Vicar General of the Northern Arabian Vicariate, declared the fete open. The indoor auditorium hosted cultural programmes by the various communities of the Parish – from skits to dances and sing-a-alongs to perfectly choreographed sound and light shows.

There were two jamm sessions that were extremely popular and virtually sold out. The compere's did a stellar job of keeping the audience engaged and entertained.

All through the programmmes, one couldn't ignore the aromas from the food court, where the parish's diverse culinary delights were located.

Lip smacking and delectable treats from India, Sri Lanka and the Philippines kept the visitors coming back for more. The day began with a breakfast cuisine which transformed into lunch-time meals and finally into tea-time snacks.

There was something for everyone including falooda and softy ice-creams for the young at heart! All the treats were sponsored by parishioners and well wishers.

There were also stalls managed by the Gods Love Community and the Faith & Light Community, offering some hand-made and creative items.

Photographers capture all the live action, which was instantly projected on the big screen for all to see.

For those who preferred some action, there were innovative games to test their skills and luck. It was really hilarious watching the young and old move from game to game –winning and losing, but never giving up.

The carnival with a cause had brought all the parishioners together. The funds were proposed towards the Bahrain Cathedral and everyone come out in full support. The stream of more than 3000 peaceful - yet lively - visitors throughout the day could not have expressed it better.

The grand finale was the much-awaited Raffle Draw. The crowd held their breath as the winners were picked and the prizes were announced. Father Blany Pinto thanked all the sponsors for their generous contributions; and the committee leaders and volunteers for their hard work and commitment. The programme concluded with a hymn to St Therese and to Our lady of Arabia and a final blessing by the Priests.

Monday, October 19, 2015


by BIS Correspondent


MUMBAI, OCT 19, 2015: Six students from Don Bosco School, Nerul interacted with professional Calligraphy artists when they attended a Calligraphy workshop at Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahlaya on October 16.


The workshop was part of the activities of the school art club and was intended to give its members an opportunity to learn the art by communicating with professional award-winning artists.


Kiran Mhatre, the in-charge of the Art club, organised the workshop  in collaboration with non-governmental organisation, Akshara Project.


Akshara has –over the last six years - undertaken similar initiatives to teach calligraphy to local artists across India, to help them learn the technique to enhance their skills in the traditional art form. 


Students got an opportunity to interact with artists like Rajeev Kumar and Qamar Dagar; and to understand their techniques in greater detail.

Saturday, October 17, 2015


by BIS Correspondent

MUMBAI, OCT 17, 2015: Don Bosco High School, Borivli organised a 'Reading Day' on October 15, to commemorate the birth anniversary of Ex-President Dr APJ Abdul Kalam.

Students attended school without any school bags to mark the occasion as 'No Bag Day', at the behest of the Education Department. 

Students from standard five till eight began the day with an assembly, which was then followed by a general programme on the 'Importance of reading'.

The youth were then shown inspiring videos of Dr Kalam. The videos helped to highlight Dr Kalam's views on reading.

Teachers also used video presentations to highlight the various 'techniques of reading'.

Students then spent 30 minutes individually reading certain text.  While they read, they were expected to note the qualities of the characters or the protagonist of their story.

A group discussion followed. Finally, they wrote a short report on the day's events, in line with the question that was presented to them on the sheets provided.

The teachers analysed their answers and the ten best reports will be duly recognised.


by Father Brian Moras

ITALY, OCT 17, 2015: Eight of us Salesians from the Mumbai Province travelled to France and Italy for a two-week pilgrimage and tour of holy sites, which began on September 27.

Four of us had completed the 'Salesiana Course' which equipped us well for this pilgrimage. The highlights of the tour would be our visit to 'Lourdes and the places of Salesian Heritage in Turin and Rome'.

We spent our first day at Paris where we hopped on to the L'Open Tour Bus which is a "Hop on...Hop off..." bus service to see the places of interest in Paris. 

The highlights of the day were our visit to some of the wonders of the world, namely the Eiffel Tower and the Louvre Museum (which among other things, houses the painting of Mona Lisa by the Italian artist Leonardo da Vinci).  Paris is a beautiful city which certainly leaves you spell bound.

The next day was spent with our Lady at Lourdes.  This was a day of singular graces and blessings for each one of us.

We had the privilege of celebrating the English Holy Mass at the Grotto of Lourdes (this Mass has to be booked well in advance).  The afternoon dip in the waters of the Miraculous Fountain left a deep impression on each of us. 

Lourdes is a place filled with sanctity and helps one to quieten down and reflect on one's life.

The next day we left by train to Turin, Italy.  We enjoyed the comfortable journey which gave us time to relax and take stock of our experiences thus far. 

We were received at Turin by Father Nallayan Pancras, who would be our guide for the next three days. 

Voldocco in Turin is the place where Don Bosco began his ministry as a priest.  We were thrilled to see the humble Pinardi shed, the Basilica of Mary Help of Christians, the waxed body of Don Bosco (which contains his bones) as also to move around the city of Turin. 

We spent a day at Becchi - the birth place of Don Bosco.  Colle Don Bosco is a huge Salesian Institution which caters to the pilgrims who come to visit Don Bosco at Becchi.  It was an experience of going back to our roots.  We spent much time praying at these places.

Next in line was our journey to Florence where we met Father Joseph Casti, who has been a Novice Master to most of us in the group.  Father Adriano Bergolin, the Rector of the community, welcomed us warmly and made sure we spent our time fruitfully. 

The next day we left for Venice. Remember the tale of 'The Merchant of Venice'?  

Florence and Venice are two beautiful and architecturally rich cities.

We then headed to Rome.  Here we met Father Chris Saldhana, who would be with us for the next few days. 

Father Saldhana took us directly to our Generalate at the Pissana.  Here, we met the Rector Major, his Vicar, our confrere - Father Ivo Coelho, and some of the members of the General Council.

We were lucky as the General Council was in session and the Councillors were present.  We took some time understanding the Generalate and visiting the various departments that it houses.  We spent some time at the Archives which houses the writings of Don Bosco (as also one of the chestnuts that he multiplied) and a lot of Salesian written heritage.

The visit to the Vatican and attending the audience of the Holy Father- Pope Francis were events which we were looking forward to. 

True to his title, the Holy Father is a Holy man, in love with the Lord and his people - especially the poor and the sick.  This we noticed as he moved around the huge crowd and greeted the people who had come for the Wednesday Audience. 

The Holy Father once again made an appeal to people to pray for the alarming situation in the world and exhorted all to welcome the immigrants from the war torn areas of Syria and other places. 

Our Salesians who work at the Vatican then took us to see the Vatican Museum - which houses the spiritual and temporal treasures of the Church.

Father Saldhana took us to see the Catacombs where the early Christian Martyrs were secretly buried due to the fear of the Romans who were persecuting the Church.
He then gave us a detailed tour of the city of Rome; he has an encyclopedic knowledge of things and this helped us in understanding Rome and the Roman Empire which once ruled much of Europe.

Another of the special moments was the visit of our Salesian confreres to the Generalate.  We spent time chatting, sharing news and concluded with a Chinese buffet dinner.

We spent the final day at the Generalate meeting our confreres, taking stock of things and packing.  The Rector Major hosted us for lunch and spent time with us. 

His concluding message was "Be the Salesians, Don Bosco would want you to be." The General Councillor for Formation – Father Ivo Coelho, celebrated the concluding Eucharist for us, after which we had a great time of sharing. 

As we left Rome on October 10, to return back to Mumbai, our hearts were filled with gratitude for all that the Lord had done to us for the past two weeks. 

We were lucky to travel as a group of eight- helping and supporting each other.

We are eternally grateful to our Provincial, Father Godfrey D'Souza for sanctioning this tour.  Our Economer, Father Elson Barretto took great pains to make all the arrangements for us. Father Saldhana planned the itinerary along with Father Barretto.  May the good Lord bless these confreres, as also all those who helped us on our pilgrimage.


by BIS Correspondent

NAVI MUMBAI, OCT 17, 2015: Don Bosco Senior Secondary School, Nerul celebrated 'No School Bag Day' on October 15, in remembrance of late Former President of India, Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam. 

Students spent the day with books in order to highlight the power of reading. 

They were shown a Power Point presentation in the audio-visual room on the importance of books. 

They were also shown inspirational video's on Dr. Kalam's life. 

Children were then taken on a reading spree and read posters- displayed in the corridors-on the life and works of Don Bosco. 

A group discussion followed. Finally, children were asked to pen down what inspired them the most during the days events.

They went home with fond memories of a great leader of our nation, Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam. 


by BIS Correspondent 


NAVI MUMBAI, OCT 17, 2015: Don Bosco Senior Secondary School, Nerul has been ranked among the top five schools in Mumbai's Zone F, for its national curriculum.


The Times of India in its supplement 'Times School' published the 'Times school survey 2015' on October 15. 


The survey highlights school rankings based on national and international curriculum.


Kudos to the students, teacher's and management of the school for this accomplishment.

Friday, October 16, 2015


by Ashwini Gupte

MUMBAI, OCT 16, 2015: Don Bosco High School, Matunga has made news once again for its achievements on the academic and sporting front.

The Times of India on October 16, rated the institution as the top State Board School in Mumbai.

In another ranking, Education World has rated the school at the third position among Boys' Day Schools in Mumbai and at the fourth spot in Maharashtra, with an all India ranking of ten.

Yet another survey by The Hindustan Times listed the school among the top five in the Mumbai East Zone.

The honours continue, as The Lions Club of Sion felicitated the school for being the Top School for S.S.C. results in the Matunga- Sion region.

Kudos to the management, staff and all the students. May the good innings never end. 

Thursday, October 15, 2015


by BIS Correspondent

GUJARAT, OCT 14, 2015: The Nitya Sahayak Mata parish in Kawant celebrated its feast on October 11 centered around the feast of Our Lady of the Rosary.

Novenas began on October 2, with Salesians from all the houses of Gujarat preaching about the life and virtues of Mary, through the Gospel and her life as the mother of Jesus.

It was inspiring to see how the faithful took part devoutly in this devotion to our Blessed mother.

Father Ivan Desouza was the main celebrant and he preached on God's hand in making things possible through faith.

The neighbouring parishes of Chhota Udepur and Narukot also participated in the celebrations. It was a period of great hope for the parishioners, which ended in a festive meal.

Monday, October 12, 2015


by BIS Correspondent

NAVI MUMBAI, OCT 12, 2015: An Inspirational talk was organised by the Archdiocesan Value Education Commission (AVEC)  team of Don Bosco Senior Secondary School, Nerul on October 5. 

Monica More, who lost both her arms in a train accident, was invited to deliver a talk on 'Life is Precious'. 

Her speech was extremely motivating. She spoke on how she did not lose hope, despite losing both her arms.

She thanked God for giving her another chance to live and ended with the words," Life is beautiful and precious. Live it with full courage and happiness. You can face all the challenges of life without fear,  only if you have a strong determination".

The students also got a chance to interact with her; and she encouraged them to cope with stress and face any challenge that life throws at them, with positivity. 

Classes eight to ten attended the programme. 


by BIS Correspondent

NAGPUR, OCT 12, 2015: The feast of Our Lady of Fatima Parish, Jaitala, Nagpur was celebrated on October 11. 

The festal celebrations were initiated with a novena, which aimed at preparing the parish for the Sacrament of Confirmation- which will be administered later in the year to about 30 youngsters.  

The theme for the novena was based on Galatians 5:22 where Saint Paul encourages the faithful to grow in the fruits of the Holy Spirit.  

This overlapping theme was emphasised through liturgical animation by the various zones and activity groups in the parish, besides the homilies of the visiting priests from the neighbouring parishes of Nagpur city.

The liturgy of the feast day began with a solemn procession. The parishioners were in full attendance at their parish feast. 

Holy Mass was animated by the youth with prayers, dance, singing and an aarti.  

Father Dominic Peter, headmaster of Saint John's High School, Nagpur was the principal celebrant. He explained the need to grow in the fruits of the Holy Spirit in the contemporary world, using everyday examples and illustrations.  

The fellowship meal which followed, helped the faithful to interact and share some light moments; while relishing a sumptuous meal.

Saturday, October 10, 2015


MUMBAI, OCT 8, 2015: Don Bosco Institute of Technology (DBIT), Kurla organised the ‘Game of Codes (GOC)’ - an initiative to help computer programmers write better algorithms and programs to tackle pressing issues – on October 5.

Students from various colleges and institutes in the city got an opportunity to brainstorm and to test their programming skills.

GOC aims to inspire students to write better, efficient codes and encourages them to tackle issues from a different perspective.

The initiative presented them with a platform to demonstrate their leadership skills, efficacy and hard work.

GOC 2015 was on a whole new level, when compared to earlier edit
ions, with the first two rounds being held online and the third round being held in the college.

Students participated and attempted the first two rounds at their convenience, which turned out to be a great approach as more than twice the number of students took part this year, when compared to GOC 2014.

In the third round, each participant wrote their code and submitted it in real time. This was automatically compiled and executed for the predefined test cases prepared by the GOC team and the faculty.

During the course of the session, the problems students face, force them to think about using the correct algorithm in terms of time and space complexity.

Furthermore, some problems help them use multiple data structures to arrive at the solution.  Not to mention that it is a good way to experience as well as learn dynamic programming, recursion and more advanced topics in array and pointer manipulations.

Professionals from the field believe that programming is a way of thinking, not a rote skill. The best programs are written so that computing machines can perform them quickly and so that human beings can understand them clearly- this very idea is the foundation on which GOC (Game of Codes) is built upon.

Wednesday, October 7, 2015


by BIS Correspondent

MUMBAI, OCT 7, 2015: Students of Don Bosco High School, Matunga have completed their research activity on 'Our Local Fauna' and 'Supervision of Solar Energy.'

Both projects, completed by class eight students, were done under the guidance of teacher Anita Philip. 

Group one, comprising of Harsh Sawant, Siddharth Gupta, Aayush Matkari, Ethan Sequeira and Kshitij Pawar worked on the topic Our Local Fauna. 

The team studied, if the local fauna favours exotic trees over native trees. They chose Cannonball, Rain tree, Gulmohar and Ashoka trees from the exotic category for observation and Tamarind, Umber and Mango trees from the native category.

Their main objectives were to find: trees preferred by local fauna as habitat, niche habitat of local fauna around the tree and impact of weather change on habitat preference by fauna.

Kaustubh and Macson from GreenLine were their resource persons. 

Varun Shenoy, Atharva Chirmade, Aryan Chopra, Nirnay Korde and Gautam Oberoi of group two, worked on the topic, 'Supervision of Solar Energy.' 

The team worked on the various factors that could cut green house gas emissions, to bring about a positive impact on our climate.

Their main objectives were: setting an example of their school as a 'Green' school and encouraging the neighbourhood schools and colleges to become potential contributors in reducing G.H.G.'s, by studying their power bills.

A gradual but steady shift from thermal energy to solar energy, with proper planning, could also help in improving the quality of human life, the environment and the economic growth of the country, especially the rural areas.

The resource person of group two was Doctor Dhanaji Kale.